A fascinating piece detailing the relationship between the rise of Anti-Chinese sentiment and the abolition of slavery in the US. Focusing on the black press of the times the views of the Chinese that eventually led to the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 showed how citizenship, and the bundle of rights associate with it, were contested and constantly shifting due to various racial lines.
This article examines how U.S. Orientalism and the anti-Chinese movement ambiguously facilitated the incorporation of African Americans into developmental narratives of Western modernity. This analysis focuses particularly on how the nineteenth century black press engaged discourses of Oriental difference in an attempt to negotiate the contradictions and vulnerabilities endemic to African American citizenship.
Helen H. Hun “Black Orientalism: Nineteenth-Century Narratives of Race and U.S. Citizenship” American Quarterly Volume 58, Number 4, December 2006 pp. 1047-1066